The President James K. Polk State Historic Site has suspended public operations for the next three weeks, effective immediately. This is in response to the Mecklenburg County Public Health Director’s Directive. During this period, the visitor center and all buildings are closed to the public.
Effective October 15, 2020 guided tours of the historic structures will cost $2 per adult; $1 for children ages 5-12, and seniors.
The Visitor Center and site grounds will remain free to visit.
The Visitor Center and site grounds will remain free to visit.
Hours of Operation
Tuesday - Saturday 9 am - 5 pm
Closed Sunday, Monday, and most major state and federal holidays.
-There is no admission fee for the grounds and visitor center
-For group rates (minimum of 10 people), please contact us at email@example.com, or complete our inquiry form.
Guided Cabin Tours
Public tours of the cabins are offered at regular intervals throughout the day. Tours leave from the Visitor Center lobby and typically last about 25 minutes. Effective October 15, 2020 guided tours of the historic structures will cost $2 per adult; $1 for children ages 5-12, and seniors. The Visitor Center and site grounds will remain free to visit.
Tours begin at 11:00 am and 2:00 pm. Pre-registration is required.
Tours are limited to 10 people. If you plan to visit and wish to go on the tour, we recommend reserving a spot online prior to your visit. If open spots remain on the day of a tour, you may sign up at the front desk in the Visitor Center.
CLICK HERE TO REGISTER
*Please note that the cabins are locked unless you are on a tour.
(Please note: The film is not being shown during Phase 2.5 as of September 12, 2020) A 13-minute film about James K. Polk and his presidency is shown every half hour, beginning at 9:30 and with the last showing at 4:30.
12031 Lancaster Highway
Pineville, NC 28134
Would your group enjoy a tour of our historic site? It's fun, and you'll learn about one of the nation's most interesting presidents. Click the picture of Mr. Polk for a group tour inquiry.
Historic Site Background
The reconstruction of the two buildings, plus the barn, was done in 1967. Each part was brought to the site piece by piece. The style of the cabins was considered to be of a “Scotch-Irish” type as this was the dominant nationality of the immigrants who settled here, including the Polk’s. Since there were only 21 acres left of the original 150 acres that President Polk’s father, Samuel, had owned at the time of the state buying the deed, it is difficult to accurately say where the original buildings once stood.
Log cabins were valued for how easy they were for settlers in rural areas to construct without specialized knowledge or tools. These homes were often considered to be only temporary. Once a family settled a new piece of property, they might use any extra wealth they had to build a nicer home that would be more permanent and might include luxuries like glass windows and finer details, like paneling and a mantel piece. Even with the addition of a finer "Main House," simple log cabin style buildings would be the norm for unconnected kitchens, storage buildings, and other utilitarian structures on the farm.
The site itself is meant to be a faithful representation of what the Polk farm could have looked like in the late 18th to early 19th centuries. The main reason being that we do not know exactly what the buildings looked like or where they stood; we are using eyewitness accounts, which can be somewhat debatable. In 1904 the Daughters of the American Revolution placed the monument that is seen as you first enter the site. For years this was the only marker showing that a President of the United States of America was born here in Pineville.
Main Cabin House
The original structure was built in the early 1790’s and housed Samuel and Jane Polk along with their growing family. By 1806 there were a total of five children, with the future President, James K. Polk being the eldest, living in the house. In 1806 the family moved from Mecklenburg County to a new home in what became Columbia, TN. The home in Pineville was sold off throughout the years in various parcels. According to Jeff Bockert, former Site Manager of the President James K. Polk State Historic Site (2000-2005), the last recorded mention of the original Polk home was in 1851. The owners of the land at that time moved the structure and used it as a barn to house animals. The rest of the remains disappeared.
The Main Cabin House was reconstructed with the use of two local structures donated to the site. The Coffey House was a one and one-half story oak log cabin that had been on the land of Alex R. Josephs and his brother, Joe E. Josephs, located off of Providence Road West in Mecklenburg County. It was dated at around 1830. The oak Query House, ca. 1804, was a two-story home located 3 miles west of Harrisburg in Mecklenburg County and had been owned by C.A. Bentley, Sr. The materials used from the Query House included paneling, flooring, bricks, rafters, logs, and lathing strips from the roof.
The reconstructed log home came from the eyewitness description of former Governor David Swain. He had written in his diary about the Polk home, describing it in detail. About two years later he exchanged letters with historian Benson J. Lossing and described the home again. In the margin of the letter someone had done a crude drawing of the cabin. From Swain’s description and the drawing the site was able to reproduce the Main Cabin House.
The separate Kitchen House was originally called the Kuykendall or Billy Rea house. Dated ca. 1804, it was located on Emma Kuykendall Green’s property off Providence Road near the Providence Presbyterian Church. The materials used from this house included any usable paneling, flooring, mantels, stairway rail and treads, doors, windows, logs, rafters, and bricks. Other materials were used from old buildings in neighboring counties that were in various states of disrepair.
This building would not have been decorated as nicely as the Main House because the family themselves would not have spent much time there. The fireplace inside the kitchen cabin is much bigger than the one inside the main cabin. It was in constant use because fires were so difficult to start and food needed to be cooking all day. Because the fireplace was in such constant use, the chances of embers starting fires were common. All the meals would have been cooked in this building and then brought over to the Main House. Only the wealthier families would have been able to afford to have two separate cabins, the main cabin and the kitchen cabin.
Perhaps one of Old Mecklenburg’s most important events happened in 1791: a visit from George Washington. The first President had promised to visit every one of the states in the new Union, and citizens waited in line for hours to see him. During the visit, Washington stayed at Cook’s Inn, and at one point dined with Justice of the Peace Thomas Polk.
The historic Cook’s Inn was once located on West Trade Street, at the location above. President George Washington spent the night of May 28th, 1791 in Charlotte at Cook’s Inn.
Interested in finding the location where the Inn once stood near the corner of Trade Street and Church Street? Click for Google Map! You can find a historic marker here in the park on the west side of West Trade Street